Ask a Question

Do you have a question about the Hugos that is not covered in our FAQ? If so, please ask it here and we will endeavor to answer it for you.

Please note, however, that we cannot issue definitive rulings about Hugo Award eligibility. Each year’s Worldcon establishes a Hugo Awards Administration Subcommittee the manages that year’s Hugo Awards. The Hugo Awards web site is not responsible for administering the Awards and therefore can’t give definitive answers about eligibility. If you have a question about whether a specific work is eligible and in which category, please contact the current year’s Worldcon and their Hugo Awards Administrators.

385 Responses to Ask a Question

  1. Nana says:

    The recent episode of Black Mirror, “Bandersnatch,” is an interactive piece. It runs 90 minutes on its default path, but also has multiple other scenes you can branch off to, albeit ones which would cause a gameplay with less time. Would Bandersnatch qualify for Long Form or Short Form?

    • Kevin says:

      The boundary between Short Form and Long Form has a 20% (18 minute) leeway precisely due to works that are not clearly one side or the other. Nominate this work in the category where you think it best fits. Short Form is generally intended for things in the nature of television episodes that are not clearly “two hour” or multi-part long works, while Long Form is generally intended for theatrical motion pictures. Anything else is left as a judgment call of the nominators.

    • Laura says:

      Just one ordinary nominator’s opinion, but I would lean toward Long Form because there is more than 90 minutes worth of material even if you don’t watch the other variations. If a “Choose Your Own Adventure” type written story were ever nominated, I would think it would go in the category of its complete word count. I haven’t watch this yet, but I imagine part of the point is that many people would watch more than just the default path.

      Also, to go along with what Kevin said about it *generally* breaking down into tv episode vs. movie (obviously some movies are shorter and some tv episodes longer), I notice that Netflix has it as a separate film listing instead of including it with the other Black Mirror episodes.

  2. Dr U.K. Bhadra says:

    Hello, Kevin. The last collection of Hugo Winners was published in a solely paperback edition in 1997 – twenty years back! Is there some kind of tussle which is preventing print publication of a 5-yearly collection? Thanks.

  3. stephen cox says:

    Is the full list of works receiving any votes in any given Hugo category ever published?
    Ditto for the authors for the Campbell.
    If so, where and when?

    Many thanks

    • Kevin says:

      WSFS rules currently require that “the results of the last ten rounds of the finalist selection process for each category (or all the rounds if there are fewer than ten)” be published by the Administrators. Prior to the adoption of the current nomination system, the rule was that the top fifteen positions in each category be published. Committees have never been required to list works beyond that minimum, although they are not prohibited from doing so. Some have gone farther than the top fifteen, although to our knowledge, none have ever gone down to the “anyone at all who was nominated” level because the “long tail” of nominations is absurdly long.

      The detailed nominations information is published after the Hugo Awards are announced at Worldcon, and to the extent that we have the information, you can find it on each individual year’s Hugo Awards page. For example, the detailed information for the 2018 Hugo Awards, Campbell Award, and Award for Best Young Adult Book is at

  4. Jay Hartlove says:

    Some fans wanted to nominate my musical and soundtrack album The Mirror’s Revenge, and they didn’t know which category to use. The play is 122 minutes, but the album is 60 minutes. I believe they used the Dramatic Presentation Short Form. Can you tell me if those ballots were counted, or was the nomination deemed ineligible due to length? Is there some other category for theatrical presentations? I never see plays nominated, and there is lots of good science fiction put on stage. As a playwright, I’d like to increase exposure for stage work to the science fiction community.

    • Kevin says:


      The Hugo Awards web site does not administer the Hugo Awards or make rulings. Contact the Dublin 2019 Hugo Administrators with any questions about this year’s awards.

  5. Nana says:

    W/r/t “On a Sunbeam”‘s nomination for Best Graphic Story, does this mean that a comic originally published on the web becomes eligible when published in print form in the previous year?

  6. Katarina says:

    Do you accept also books in French ? WE are a publishing house with the mission to publish French writing authors from Western Canada and Prairies.

    We publish 4-6 books per year. Thanks in advance for your reply, Katarina, project coordinator

    • Kevin says:


      The Hugo Awards are open to works published in any language, including French. Note that there is no submission process for the Hugo Awards. Works are nominated by the thousands of members of the World Science Fiction Convention. See the Submissions page for a longer explanation.

  7. Greg Houska says:

    I am asking for assistance. Sometime back I read a book and the main character was a young woman. She wrecked two boats, there was a hole shot through the earth, a monolith was involved and a dead star. I can’t recall the name of the book or the author but I loved the ending. I would like to find the book again. Thanks, Greg J. Houska, Missoula, MT.

    • Kevin says:

      This does not ring a bell with us here at Perhaps one of the other people reading this can help.

      • Greg Houska says:

        That is why I queried the awards website. Hopefully someone of the millions who peruse the genre of sci-fi will be able to assist. Thanks for the time.

  8. Claroo says:

    Who is the host of this year’s awards? I met her quickly in a shop recently and would love to check out her work, but I did not listen carefully enough when she actually introduced herself at the end of our conversation- she only mentioned that she was hosting this year’s awards!

  9. Dan B. says:

    I enjoyed your Short History of the Hugo Awards Process, but it’s missing a key piece of information. I’m curious when the use of Instant Runoff Voting started. Is this known?

    • Kevin says:

      The legislative history of the WSFS Constitution is unclear as to when Instant Runoff Voting first was used. It was around 1970. When we learn exactly when it happens, we’ll update the history.

      • Jo Van says:

        We know that IRV was not being used in 1965, and we know that it was being used in 1971. So usage was implemented sometime between those two years. If the WSFS rules were published in the convention programme book at that time (as they are now), we may be able to find an old programme book which provides the year of the change.

    • Jo Van says:

      Well, Dan, you got me curious, so with some help from people who pointed me at the right resources, I discovered that the WSFS Business Meeting members made instant-runoff voting (IRV) part of the Hugo Award process at NYcon III in 1967, and it was used for the first time on the 1968 Hugo Awards at Baycon. Thanks for spurring us to find that information!

  10. Ken Wright says:

    Is the tale that the Apollo 11 astronauts received a special Hugo award in 1969 for the Best Moon Landing Ever true or apocryphal? I’ve heard it for years, but when I searched the website for 1969 I didn’t find it.

  11. N says:

    Say there’s a certain film (in this case, the Brazilian film “Bacurau”) that premieres in 2019 but only gets play in festivals, set to get a wider release in 2020. It’d have to get its eligibility extended at the Business meeting, a la last year’s Prospect, right?

    Say that you won’t be attending Worldcon physically. How would one go about getting someone to sponsor a proposal such as eligibility extension?

    • Kevin says:

      You are right that if you think a work that had limited distribution should have its eligibility extended, you would need to get the Business Meeting to extend its eligibility.

      You do not have to be physically present at the Business Meeting to submit a proposal to it. Any two members of the current (in this case 2020 New Zealand) Worldcon, either attending or supporting, may submit a proposal to the WSFS Business Meeting. So in your case, if you’re a member of CoNZealand, you only have to convince at least one other member of the convention to sponsor your proposal and then you can submit it to the 2020 Business Meeting. You can use the similar proposals from past Worldcons (see the page Rules archive for minutes of past meetings), or write to us at and we’ll give you a template for such proposals.

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