2020 Hugo Award & 1945 Retro Hugo Award Finalists Announced

The finalists for the 2020 Hugo Awards, Lodestar Award for Best Young Adult Book, and Astounding Award for Best New Writer and for the 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards were announced online today by CoNZealand, the 78th World Science Fiction Convention.

Nominations for the 2020 and 1945 Hugo Awards were submitted by the members of CoNZealand, the 78th Worldcon, and Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon, the 77th Worldcon. 1,584 people submitted 27,033 nominations for the 2020 Hugo Awards, while 120 people submitted 1,677 nominations for the 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards.

The full list of finalists are listed on the individual pages for the 2020 Hugo Awards and 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards.

Voting for the Hugo Awards is open to all supporting or attending/online members of CoNZealand. Voting is scheduled open later in April 2020. Information on how to submit a voting ballot is available on the CoNZealand web site Hugo Awards page. Voting ends before the convention to allow sufficient time to count votes and prepare trophies. Anyone who joins by the end of voting is eligible to vote. CoNZealand previously announced that due to travel restrictions as a result of the worldwide COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic that their Worldcon will be online only, running from July 29-August 2, 2020. They will announce details of how the Hugo Awards Ceremony will be presented at a later date.

Please direct all questions about the administration of the 2020 Hugo Awards/Lodestar Award/Astounding Award and 1945 Retro-Hugo Awards to the 2020/1945 Hugo Award Administrators, not to the Hugo Awards web site. The Hugo Awards web site does not administer the Hugo Awards. All questions about the administration of the current Awards should go to the administrators.

2020/1945 Hugo Awards Nominations Closed

Nominations for the 2020 Hugo/Lodestar/Astounding Awards and for the 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards closed 13 March 2020 at 23:59 Pacific Daylight Time (02:59 Eastern Daylight Time, 06:59 UTC/Irish Time, and 19:59 14 March 2020 New Zealand Daylight Time). The 2020 Hugo Award Administrators are tallying the nominations, confirming potential finalists’ eligibility, and contacting potential finalists in accordance with World Science Fiction Society rules. Details of CoNZealand’s plans to reveal the finalists will be announced soon.

Direct questions regarding the 2020/1945 Awards to the 2020 Hugo Award Administrators, not to the Hugo Awards web site. The Hugo Awards web site team does not administer the elections for the Hugo Awards, nor do we make eligibility rulings, contact potential finalists, or select finalists or winners. The 2020/1945 Hugo Awards are administered by the Hugo Awards Administration Subcommittee of CoNZealand, and all decisions regarding the eligibility of works and the administration of nominations are exclusively the committee’s responsibility.

2020/1945 Hugo Awards Nominations Open

The nominating period for the 2020 Hugo Awards and 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards is now open. CoNZealand, the 2020 Worldcon, has published a video discussing the opening of nominations.

Instructions for accessing the online nominating form have been sent via e-mail. Check your junk e-mail/spam/promotions folders in your e-mail client for this e-mail if you did not receive it. Despite the convention’s efforts, voter information notification messages may be flagged as spam by some e-mail systems.

The CoNZealand/2020 Worldcon Hugo Awards web page has instructions for accessing the online nominating ballots for the 2020 and 1945 Hugo Awards and links to PDF versions of the paper nominating ballots.

Paper ballots were mailed to those members of CoNZealand who requested paper publications along with the convention’s Progress Report 2.

Nominations will close on 13 March 2020 at 23:59 Pacific Daylight Time (02:59 Eastern Daylight Time, 06:59 UTC/Irish Time, and 19:59 14 March 2020 New Zealand Daylight Time). Paper ballots must be received by mail by 13 March 2020. The six most popular eligible nominees in each category will go forward to the final ballot. The Finalists for the Awards will be announced in early April. The 2020 Hugo Awards Ceremony will be held on Saturday 1 August 2020 at CoNZealand in Wellington, New Zealand. The timing of the 1943 Retrospective Hugo Awards Ceremony is yet to be announced.

CoNZealand, the 2020 World Science Fiction Convention, will be presenting the 2020 Hugo Awards (generally for works first published or appearing in 2019) as well as the 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards (generally for works first published or appearing in 1944). Any person who was a voting member of at least one of the 2019 or 2020 World Science Fiction Conventions as of December 31, 2019 may cast a nominating ballot for the 2020 and 1945 Awards.

The ballots will also include voting on two other awards administered by the Worldcon. These are the Lodestar Award for Young Adult Book, presented by the World Science Fiction Society, and the Astounding Award (formerly known as the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer), presented by Dell Magazines. No retrospective versions of these awards are presented.

Eligible members of the 2019 and 2020 Worldcons can make up to five nominations in each category. You are not required to nominate in all categories or to fill every nomination blank on the ballot. As the announcement from CoNZealand states, “The Hugo Awards are fan-run, fan-given, and fan-supported. We recommend that you nominate whatever works and creators you have personally read or seen that were your favorites from 2019 and 1944.”

While members of both the 2019 and 2020 Worldcons can nominate for the 2020 and 1945 Hugo Awards, only members of the 2020 Worldcon are eligible to vote on the final ballot.

Please direct any questions about the administration of the 2020 and 1945 Hugo Awards to the ConZealand Hugo Award Administrators, not to the Hugo Awards web site. The Hugo Awards web site team does not administer the elections for the Hugo Awards, nor do we make eligibility rulings. The 2020/1945 Hugo Awards are administered by the Hugo Awards Administration Subcommittee of CoNZealand, and all decisions regarding the eligibility of works and the administration of nominations are exclusively the committee’s responsibility.

2020 Worldcon to Present Retrospective Hugo Awards

The 2020 Worldcon, CoNZealand, will present Retrospective Hugo Awards for the year 1945, for works of science fiction and fantasy first published or appearing in 1944, according to an announcement posted on the CoNZealand web site.

Retrospective Hugo Awards (“Retro-Hugos”) are authorized by the World Science Fiction Society for Hugo Awards held an exact multiple of 25 years prior to the current Worldcon, provided that no Hugo Awards or Retrospective Hugo Awards were already presented for that year. Retro-Hugos cannot be presented for years prior to 1939. A rule change ratified at Worldcon 75 in Helsinki opened up Retro-Hugos to the the “WW II Gap” from 1942-1945, during which no Worldcons were held. Previously, only years in which a Worldcon was held were eligible for Retro-Hugos. As with the “regular” Hugo Awards, Retrospective Hugo Awards are for works published or appearing in the previous calendar year to the year of the award.

Per the WSFS Constitution, the Retrospective Hugo Award categories are the same as those for the current Hugo Awards. Any categories where there are insufficient nominations will be dropped from the final ballot. The Lodestar Award and the Astounding Award for Best New Writer (formerly the John W. Campbell Award) are not Hugo Awards, and therefore there will not be retrospective versions of those awards.

Members of the 2019 and 2020 Worldcons as of December 31, 2019 will be eligible to nominate for both the 2020 Hugo Awards and the 1945 Retrospective Hugo Awards.

Administration of both the Hugo Awards and Retrospective Hugo Awards rests with the individual Worldcon committees. Direct any questions about the Hugo Awards and Retrospective Hugo Awards for the relevant years to the CoNZealand committee.

2019 Hugo Awards to be Live-Streamed

Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon, the 77th World Science Fiction Convention, informs us that the 2019 Hugo Awards Ceremony will be live-streamed through Vimeo. The ceremony is scheduled for 20:00 (8 PM) Irish Summer Time on Sunday, August 18, 2019. Live-streaming video coverage of the Hugo Awards Ceremony is provided by the current Worldcon, not the Hugo Awards web site.

As previously announced, the Hugo Awards web site will provide lower-bandwidth text-only coverage of the 2019 Hugo Awards ceremony here on the Hugo Awards web site. We’ll be “on the air” shortly before 20:00 on Sunday night with our live “play-by-play” of the ceremony.

1944 Retro-Hugo Awards Announced

Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon, the 77th World Science Fiction Convention, announced the winners of the 1944 Retrospective Hugo Awards at a ceremony on the evening of Thursday, August 15, 2019.

BEST NOVEL

Conjure Wife, by Fritz Leiber, Jr. (Unknown Worlds, April 1943)

BEST NOVELLA

The Little Prince, by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (Reynal & Hitchcock)

BEST NOVELETTE

“Mimsy Were the Borogoves,” by Lewis Padgett (C.L. Moore & Henry Kuttner) (Astounding Science-Fiction, February 1943)

BEST SHORT STORY

“King of the Gray Spaces” (“R is for Rocket”), by Ray Bradbury (Famous Fantastic Mysteries, December 1943)

BEST GRAPHIC STORY

Wonder Woman #5: Battle for Womanhood, written by William Moulton Marsden, art by Harry G. Peter (DC Comics)

BEST DRAMATIC PRESENTATION, LONG FORM

Heaven Can Wait, written by Samson Raphaelson, directed by Ernst Lubitsch (20th Century Fox)

BEST DRAMATIC PRESENTATION, SHORT FORM

Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman, written by Curt Siodmak, directed by Roy William Neill (Universal Pictures)

BEST EDITOR, SHORT FORM

John W. Campbell

BEST PROFESSIONAL ARTIST

Virgil Finlay

BEST FANZINE

Le Zombie, edited by Arthur Wilson “Bob” Tucker

BEST FAN WRITER

Forrest J Ackerman

The 1944 Hugo Award winners were announced at a ceremony held at Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon on Thursday August 15th, 2019 in Dublin, Ireland. We will publish detailed results, finalist placements, and nominations breakdowns when they are made available.

Some More Hugo Award History Unearthed

In response to a question posted by Dan B., we’ve discovered that the WSFS Business Meeting members made instant-runoff voting (IRV) part of the Hugo Award process at NYcon III in 1967, and it was used for the first time on the 1968 Hugo Awards at Baycon. The Short History of the Hugo Awards Process page has been updated to reflect this new information.

Thanks to the people at FANAC.org who’ve been working hard at scanning and uploading historical fandom documents which make this sort of research possible, and to Dan B. for asking the question.

2019/1944 Hugo Award Final Ballot Open

The final ballot for the 2019 Hugo Awards, Lodestar Award for Best Young Adult Book, and John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer and for the 1944 Retrospective Hugo Awards opened on May 11, 2019. Members of Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon have or will shortly receive an e-mail with the necessary information for voting online. A paper copy of the ballot is also available for download from the Dublin 2019 Hugo Awards website.

The e-mail sent to members also includes the information for accessing the Hugo Voter Packet. This download of materials from Hugo Award finalists is supplied free of charge as a courtesy by the creators and publishers of works that are shortlisted for the awards. The purpose of the Hugo Voter Packet is to allow those who are voting on the Hugo Awards to be able to make an informed choice among the nominated works.

Voting is open to all supporting and attending members of Dublin 2019: An Irish Worldcon. Members can vote online or by using a paper ballot downloaded from the website. (Members who requested paper publications will also receive a paper ballot in a progress report.) Voting will be open through July 31, 2019.

2019/1944 Hugo Awards Nominations Closed

Nominations for the 2019 Hugo/Best YA Book/John W. Campbell Award and for the 1944 Retrospective Hugo Awards have closed. The Administrators are tallying the nominations, confirming potential finalists’ eligibility, and contacting potential finalists in accordance with World Science Fiction Society rules. Details of Dublin 2019’s plans to reveal the finalists will be announced soon.

2019/1944 Hugo Awards Nominations Open

The nominating period for the 2019 Hugo Awards and 1944 Retrospective Hugo Awards is now open, according to an announcement from Dublin 2019. The convention also announced the designers for the various award bases. The 2019 Hugo Award base will be designed by Jim Fitzpatrick; that for the 1944 Retro Hugo Awards will be designed by Dr Eleanor Wheeler; and the trophy for the new Lodestar Award for Young Adult Fiction will be designed by Sara Felix.

Instructions for accessing the online nominating form have been sent via e-mail. Check your junk e-mail/spam/promotions folders in your e-mail client for this e-mail if you did not receive it. Despite the convention’s efforts, voter information notification messages may be flagged as spam.

The Dublin 2019 Hugo Awards web page has the links to the online nominating ballots for the 2019 and 1944 Hugo Awards. Dublin 2019 is not using a voting PIN system. Your email from the convention will contain a unique URL that provides access to your ballot.

Paper ballots will be mailed to those members of Dublin 2019 who requested paper publications along with the convention’s Progress Report 3, currently in production. PDFs of the paper ballots are also available from Worldcon 76’s Hugo Awards page.

Nominations will close on March 16, 2019 at 06:59 UTC (11:59 pm Pacific Daylight Time on 15 March). Paper ballots must be received by mail by 15 March 2019. The Finalists for the Awards will be announced in early April.

Dublin 2019 will be presenting the 2019 Hugo Awards (generally for works first published or appearing in 2018) as well as the 1944 Retrospective Hugo Awards (generally for works first published or appearing in 1943). Any person who was a voting member of at least one of the 2018 or 2019 World Science Fiction Conventions as of December 31, 2018 may cast nominating ballots for the 2019 and 1944 Awards.

If you are a member of the 2018 Worldcon but not the 2019 Worldcon and did not give the 2018 Worldcon (San José) permission to share your information with the 2019 Worldcon (Dublin), the 2019 Worldcon will not contact you, due to data-privacy rules. If you are a member of the 2018 Worldcon and did not receive an e-mail from the 2019 Worldcon but want to nominate, contact the Dublin 2019 Hugo Award Administrators.

Included in the ballots will be voting for a Special Hugo Award of Best Art Book. Each Worldcon has the right to add one category to the Hugo Awards for their year only, and Dublin 2019 has elected to use this power to test an Art Book category.

The ballots will also include voting on two other awards administered by the World Science Fiction Society. These are the WSFS Lodestar Award for Young Adult Fiction; and the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer presented by Dell Magazines.

Please direct any questions about the administration of the 2019 and 1944 Hugo Awards to the Dublin 2019 Hugo Award Administrators, not to the Hugo Awards web site. The Hugo Awards web site team does not administer the elections for the Hugo Awards, nor do we make eligibility rulings. The 2019/1944 Hugo Awards are administered by the Hugo Awards Administration Subcommittee of Dublin 2019, and all decisions regarding the eligibility of works and the administration of nominations are exclusively the committee’s responsibility.